An associated state is the minor partner in a formal, free relationship between a political territory with a degree of statehood and a nation, for which no other specific term, such as protectorate, is adopted.
Territory that is protected diplomatically or militarily by a stronger state
Minor partner in a formal, free relationship between a political territory
A political entity that formally agrees by treaty to enter into an unequal relationship with another, stronger state, called the protector, which engages to protect it against third parties, in exchange for which the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship.
An autonomous territory that is protected diplomatically or militarily against third parties by a stronger state or entity.