Praetor, also spelled prætor or pretor in English, was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome
to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army
; and as an elected magistratus
, assigned various duties.
An annually-elected curule magistrate, subordinate to the consuls in provincial administration, and who performed some of their duties; numbering initially only one, later two (either of the praetor urbānus (“urban praetor”) or the praetor peregrīnus (“peregrine praetor”)), and eventually eighteen.